MCLEAN, Va., March 31, 2023 /PRNewswire/ -- Arlington Asset Investment Corp. (NYSE: AAIC) (the "Company," "Arlington," "we," "us" or "our") today reported financial results for the quarter and full year ended December 31, 2022.
Fourth Quarter 2022 Financial Highlights
Full Year 2022 Financial Highlights
Fourth Quarter Investment Portfolio
As of December 31, 2022, the Company's investment portfolio capital allocation was as follows (dollars in thousands):
December 31, 2022
MSR financing receivables
Credit investments (3)
Agency MBS (4)
Total invested capital
Cash and other corporate capital, net
Total investable capital
Our investable capital is calculated as the sum of our shareholders' equity capital and long-term unsecured debt.
Our leverage is measured as the ratio of the sum of our repurchase agreement financing, net payable or receivable for unsettled securities, net contractual forward purchase or sale price of our TBA commitments and leverage within our MSR financing receivables less our cash and cash equivalents compared to our investable capital.
Includes our net investment of $28,904 in VIEs with gross assets and liabilities of $198,511 and $169,607, respectively, that is consolidated for GAAP financial reporting purposes.
Agency mortgage-backed securities ("MBS") assets include the fair value of the agency MBS which underlie our TBA forward purchase and sale commitments. In accordance with GAAP, our TBA forward commitments are reflected on the consolidated balance sheets as derivative assets and liabilities at fair value in the financial statement line items "other assets" and "other liabilities". As of December 31, 2022, the fair value of the underlying agency MBS that underlie our net short position in TBA commitments had a fair value of $(399,818) with a net carrying value of $5,630.
MSR Related Investments
The Company is party to agreements with a licensed, U.S. government sponsored enterprise ("GSE") approved residential mortgage loan servicer that enable the Company to garner the economic return of an investment in a mortgage servicing right ("MSR") purchased by the mortgage servicing counterparty. The arrangement allows the Company to participate in the economic benefits of investing in an MSR without holding the requisite licenses to purchase or hold MSRs directly. Under the terms of the arrangement, the Company provides capital to the mortgage servicing counterparty to purchase MSRs directly and the Company, in turn, receives all the economic benefits of the MSRs less a fee payable to the counterparty. At the Company's request, the mortgage servicing counterparty may utilize leverage on the MSRs to which the Company's MSR financing receivables are referenced to finance the purchase of additional MSRs to increase potential returns to the Company. These transactions are accounted for as financing receivables in the Company's consolidated financial statements.
The Company's MSR financing receivable investments as of December 31, 2022 are summarized in the tables below (dollars in thousands):
Amortized Cost Basis (1)
Represents capital investments plus accretion of interest income net of cash distributions.
MSR Financing Receivable Underlying Reference Amounts:
Cash and Other Net
Underlying Reference MSRs:
Holder of Loans
Calculated as the underlying MSR price divided by the weighted-average servicing fee.
As of December 31, 2022, the mortgage servicing counterparty had drawn $7.9 million of financing under its credit facility collateralized by the MSRs to which the Company's MSR financing receivables are referenced, resulting in an implicit leverage ratio of less than 0.1 to 1. The weighted average yield on the Company's MSR financing receivables was 14.98% for the fourth quarter of 2022 compared to 15.95% for the third quarter of 2022, and the actual weighted-average constant prepayment rate ("CPR") for the MSRs underlying the Company's MSR financing receivables was 4.26% for the fourth quarter of 2022 compared to 6.48% for the third quarter of 2022. As of December 31, 2022, the valuation multiple of the MSRs underlying the Company's MSR financing receivables, calculated as the underlying MSR price divided by the weighted-average servicing fee, was 5.42. As of February 28, 2023, the valuation multiple of the MSRs underlying the Company's MSR financing receivables was 5.36.(a)
The Company's credit investments generally include mortgage loans secured by residential or commercial real property or MBS collateralized by residential or commercial mortgage loans or residential solar panel loans ("non-agency" MBS or ABS). As of December 31, 2022, the Company's credit investment portfolio at fair value was comprised of the following (dollars in thousands):
Fair Value (1)
Commercial mortgage loan
Residential MBS - interest-only (3)
Residential MBS (3)
Business purpose residential MBS (4)
Corporate asset-backed loan
For non-commercial credit investments in securities, includes contractual accrued interest receivable.
Invested capital includes investment accrued interest receivable and financing accrued interest payable.
Residential MBS – interest-only and residential MBS, in combination, reflect our net investment at fair value of $25,084 in a VIE with gross assets and liabilities of $194,490 and $169,406, respectively, that is consolidated for GAAP financial reporting purposes.
Includes our net investment of $3,820 in a VIE with gross assets and liabilities of $4,021 and $201, respectively, that is consolidated for GAAP financial reporting purposes.
As of December 31, 2022, the Company had $89.0 million in repurchase agreements outstanding with a weighted average rate of 5.02% and remaining weighted average maturity of 20 days secured by $98.9 million of non-agency MBS at fair value. As of December 31, 2022, the Company had a $20.5 million repurchase agreement outstanding with a rate of 6.84% and remaining maturity of 235 days secured by a $29.3 million commercial mortgage loan at fair value.
The Company's agency MBS consist of residential mortgage pass-through certificates for which the principal and interest payments are guaranteed by a government sponsored enterprise, such as the Federal National Mortgage Association ("Fannie Mae") or the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation ("Freddie Mac"). As of December 31, 2022, the Company's agency MBS investment portfolio totaled $43.7 million at fair value comprised of $443.5 million of specified agency MBS and $(399.8) million of net short to-be-announced ("TBA") agency MBS. As of December 31, 2022, the Company's specified agency MBS investment portfolio was comprised of the following (dollars in thousands):
The Company's weighted average yield on its specified agency MBS was 4.16% for the fourth quarter of 2022 compared to 3.98% for the third quarter of 2022, and the actual weighted-average CPR for the Company's specified agency MBS was 4.07% for the fourth quarter of 2022 compared to 6.36% for the third quarter of 2022.
As of December 31, 2022, the Company's net short TBA agency MBS investment portfolio was comprised of the following (dollars in thousands):
3.0% 30-year MBS sale commitments
4.0% 30-year MBS sale commitments
4.5% 30-year MBS sale commitments
Total net long (short) agency TBA positions
Notional amount represents the unpaid principal balance of the underlying agency MBS.
Implied cost basis represents the contractual forward price for the underlying agency MBS.
Implied fair value represents the current fair value of the underlying agency MBS.
Net carrying amount represents the difference between the implied cost basis and the implied fair value of the underlying agency MBS. This amount is reflected on the Company's consolidated balance sheets as a component of "other assets" and "other liabilities."
As of December 31, 2022, the Company had $406.1 million of repurchase agreements outstanding with a weighted average rate of 4.47% and remaining weighted average maturity of 12 days secured by an aggregate of $425.0 million of agency MBS at fair value. The Company's weighted average cost of repurchase agreement funding secured by agency MBS was 3.77% during the fourth quarter of 2022 compared to 2.33% during the third quarter of 2022.
The Company enters into various hedging transactions to mitigate the interest rate sensitivity of its cost borrowing and the value of its fixed-rate agency MBS and MSR financing receivables. Under the terms of the Company's interest rate swap agreements, the Company pays or receives interest payments based on a fixed rate and pays or receives variable interest payments based upon the Secured Overnight Financing Rate ("SOFR"). As of December 31, 2022, the Company's interest swap agreements were comprised of the following (dollars in thousands):
Years to maturity:
Less than 5 years
The Company's weighted average net receive rate of its interest rate swap agreements was 1.08% during the fourth quarter of 2022 compared to a net receive rate of 0.55% during the third quarter of 2022. Under GAAP, the Company has not designated these transactions as hedging instruments for financial reporting purposes and, therefore, all gains and losses on its hedging instruments are recorded to line item "investment and derivative gains (losses), net" in the Company's financial statements.
Single-family Residential Investments
During the fourth quarter of 2022, the Company completed its previously announced sale of its wholly-owned subsidiary, McLean SFR Investment, LLC, which included all the Company's remaining investments in SFR properties and its long-term debt facility secured by SFR properties, for a gross sale price of $87.1 million including the assumption of the debt liability, for a gain of $1.8 million that is net of accrued incentive fees and termination fees to the Company's third-party investment advisory firm.
Other Fourth Quarter 2022 Financial Highlights
The Company's book value was $6.59 per common share as of December 31, 2022 compared to $6.45 per common share as of September 30, 2022. Book value per common share is calculated as total equity plus accumulated depreciation of SFR properties less the preferred stock liquidation preference divided by common shares outstanding plus vested restricted stock units convertible into common stock less unvested restricted common stock.
The Company's "at risk" leverage ratio was 0.3 to 1 as of December 31, 2022 compared to 1.2 to 1 as of September 30, 2022. The Company's "at risk" leverage ratio is calculated as the sum of the Company's repurchase agreement financing, long-term debt secured by single-family properties, net payable or receivable for unsettled securities, net contractual price of TBA purchase and sale commitments and financing embedded in its MSR financing receivables less cash and cash equivalents compared to the Company's investable capital measured as the sum of the Company's shareholders' equity and long-term unsecured debt.
During the fourth quarter of 2022, the Company repurchased 0.4 million shares of its common stock at an average price of $2.95 per share for a total purchase cost of $1.1 million, representing 1.3% of common stock outstanding as of September 30, 2022. As of December 31, 2022, the Company had remaining authorization from its Board of Directors to repurchase up to 10.2 million shares of its common stock.
Distributions to Shareholders
The Company has also announced the tax characteristics of the distributions paid to its preferred shareholders in calendar year 2022. The Company's distributions paid to its Series B and Series C preferred shareholders in 2022 of $1.75 per share and $2.0625 per share, respectively, were all a return of capital. Preferred shareholders should receive a Form 1099-DIV containing this information from their brokers, transfer agents or other institutions.
The Company will make available additional quarterly information for the benefit of its shareholders through a supplemental presentation that will be available at the Company's website, www.arlingtonasset.com. The presentation will be available on the Webcasts and Presentations section located under the Updates & Events tab of the Company's website.
About the Company
Arlington Asset Investment Corp. (NYSE: AAIC) currently invests primarily in mortgage related assets and has elected to be taxed as a REIT. The Company is headquartered in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. For more information, please visit www.arlingtonasset.com.
Statements concerning interest rates, portfolio allocation, financing costs, portfolio hedging, prepayments, dividends, book value, utilization of loss carryforwards, any change in long-term tax structures (including any REIT election), use of equity raise proceeds and any other guidance on present or future periods, as well as the Company's estimates for certain financial information post year-end, constitute forward-looking statements that are subject to a number of factors, risks and uncertainties that might cause actual results to differ materially from stated expectations or current circumstances. These factors include, but are not limited to, inflation, changes in interest rates, increased costs of borrowing, decreased interest spreads, credit risks underlying the Company's assets, especially related to the Company's mortgage credit investments, changes in political and monetary policies, changes in default rates, changes in prepayment rates and other assumptions underlying our estimates related to our projections of future earnings available for distribution, changes in the Company's returns, changes in the use of the Company's tax benefits, the Company's ability to qualify and maintain qualification as a REIT, changes in the agency MBS asset yield, changes in the Company's monetization of net operating loss carryforwards, changes in the Company's investment strategy, changes in the Company's ability to generate cash earnings and dividends, preservation and utilization of the Company's net operating loss and net capital loss carryforwards, impacts of changes to and changes by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, actions taken by the U.S. Federal Reserve, the Federal Housing Finance Agency and the U.S. Treasury, availability of opportunities that meet or exceed the Company's risk adjusted return expectations, ability and willingness to make future dividends, ability to generate sufficient cash through retained earnings to satisfy capital needs, the uncertainty and economic impact of a resurgence of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, and the effect of general economic, political, regulatory and market conditions, including the impact of a potential recessionary environment. These and other material risks are described in the Company's most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and any other documents filed by the Company with the SEC from time to time, which are available from the Company and from the SEC, and you should read and understand these risks when evaluating any forward-looking statement. All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which they are made. New risks and uncertainties arise over time, and it is not possible to predict those events or how they may affect the Company. Except as required by law, the Company is not obligated to, and does not intend to, update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
Financial data to follow
ARLINGTON ASSET INVESTMENT CORP.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
December 31, 2022
September 30, 2022
Cash and cash equivalents (includes $296 and $560, respectively,
Restricted cash of consolidated VIEs
Agency mortgage-backed securities, at fair value
MSR financing receivables, at fair value
Credit investments, at fair value
Mortgage loans of consolidated VIEs, at fair value
Single-family residential real estate (net of $-0- and $977, respectively, of
Other assets (includes $2,067 and $1,413, respectively, from consolidated VIEs)
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Purchased securities payable
Secured debt of consolidated VIEs, at fair value
Long-term unsecured debt
Long-term debt secured by single-family properties
Other liabilities (includes $262 and $265, respectively, from consolidated VIEs)
Preferred stock (liquidation preference of $33,420 and $33,612, respectively)
Additional paid-in capital
Total liabilities and equity
Book value per common share (1)
Common shares outstanding (in thousands) (2)
(1) Book value per common share is calculated as total equity plus accumulated depreciation of single-family residential real estate less the
(2) Represents common shares outstanding plus vested restricted stock units convertible into common stock less shares of unvested restricted
December 31, 2022
September 30, 2022
Assets and liabilities of consolidated VIEs:
Cash and restricted cash
Mortgage loans, at fair value
Secured debt, at fair value
Net investment in consolidated VIEs
ARLINGTON ASSET INVESTMENT CORP.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)
Three Months Ended
MSR financing receivables
Agency mortgage-backed securities
Credit securities and loans
Mortgage loans of consolidated VIEs
Total interest and other income
Rent revenues from single-family properties
Long-term debt secured by single-family properties
Long-term unsecured debt
Secured debt of consolidated VIEs
Total interest expense
Single-family property operating expenses
Net operating income
Investment and derivative gain (loss), net
General and administrative expenses
Compensation and benefits
Other general and administrative expenses
Total general and administrative expenses
Income (loss) before income taxes
Income tax provision (benefit)
Net income (loss)
Dividend on preferred stock
Net income (loss) available (attributable) to
Basic earnings (loss) per common share
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share
Weighted average common shares outstanding (in
Non-GAAP Earnings Available for Distribution
In addition to the results of operations determined in accordance with GAAP, we also report a non-GAAP financial measure "earnings available for distribution". We define earnings available for distribution as net income available to common stock determined in accordance with GAAP adjusted for the following items:
Realized and unrealized gains and losses recognized with respect to our mortgage related investments and economic hedging instruments, which are reported in line item "investment and derivative gain (loss), net" of our consolidated statements of comprehensive income, other than TBA dollar roll income and interest rate swap net interest income or expense, are excluded from the computation of earnings available for distribution as such gains on losses are not reflective of the economic interest income earned or interest expense incurred from our interest-bearing financial assets and liabilities during the indicated reporting period. Because our long-term-focused investment strategy for our mortgage related investment portfolio is to generate a net spread on the leveraged assets while prudently hedging periodic changes in the fair value of those assets attributable to changes in benchmark interest rates, we generally expect the fluctuations in the fair value of our mortgage related investments and economic hedging instruments to largely offset one another over time. In addition, certain of our investments are held by our TRS which is subject to U.S. federal and state corporate income taxes. In calculating earnings available for distribution, any income tax provision or benefit associated with gains or losses on our mortgage related investments and economic hedging instruments are also excluded from earnings available for distribution.
TBA dollar roll income (expense) represents the economic equivalent of net interest income (expense) generated from our transactions in non-specified fixed-rate agency MBS, executed through sequential series of forward-settling purchase and sale transactions that are settled on a net basis (known as "dollar roll" transactions). Dollar roll income (expense) is generated (incurred) as a result of delaying, or "rolling," the settlement of a forward-settling purchase (sale) of a TBA agency MBS by entering into an offsetting "spot" sale (purchase) with the same counterparty prior to the settlement date, net settling the "paired-off" positions in cash, and contemporaneously entering another forward-settling purchase (sale) with the same counterparty of a TBA agency MBS of the same essential characteristics for a later settlement date at a price discount relative to the spot sale (purchase). The price discount of the forward-settling purchase (sale) relative to the contemporaneously executed spot sale (purchase) reflects compensation to the seller for the interest income (inclusive of expected prepayments) that, at the time of sale, is expected to be foregone as a result of relinquishing beneficial ownership of the MBS from the settlement date of the spot sale until the settlement date of the forward purchase, net of implied repurchase financing costs. We calculate dollar roll income (expense) as the excess of the spot sale (purchase) price over the forward-settling purchase (sale) price and recognize this amount ratably over the period beginning on the settlement date of the sale (purchase) and ending on the settlement date of the forward purchase (sale). In our consolidated statements of comprehensive income prepared in accordance with GAAP, TBA agency MBS dollar roll income (expense) is reported as a component of the overall periodic change in the fair value of TBA forward commitments within the line item "investment and derivative gain (loss), net."
We utilize interest rate swap agreements to economically hedge a portion of our exposure to variability in future interest cash flows, attributable to changes in benchmark interest rates, associated with future roll-overs of our short-term repurchase agreement financing arrangements. Accordingly, the net interest income earned or expense incurred (commonly referred to as "net interest carry") from our interest rate swap agreements in combination with repurchase agreement interest expense recognized in accordance with GAAP represents our effective "economic interest expense." In our consolidated statements of comprehensive income prepared in accordance with GAAP, the net interest income earned or expense incurred from interest rate swap agreements is reported as a component of the overall periodic change in the fair value of derivative instruments within the line item "investment and derivative gain (loss), net."
The following table provides a reconciliation of GAAP net income (loss) available (attributable) to common stock for the last four fiscal quarters (unaudited, dollars in thousands):
Three Months Ended
Net income (loss) available (attributable) to common
Investment and derivative (gain) loss, net
Income tax provision (benefit) for TRS investment
Depreciation of single-family residential properties
Stock-based compensation expense
TBA dollar roll income (expense)
Interest rate swap net interest (expense) income
Non-GAAP earnings available for distribution
Non-GAAP earnings available for distribution per
Weighted average diluted common shares outstanding
Earnings available for distribution is used by management to evaluate the financial performance of our long-term-focused, net interest spread-based investment strategy and core business activities over periods of time as well as assist with the determination of the appropriate level of periodic dividends to common stockholders. In addition, we believe that earnings available for distribution assists investors in understanding and evaluating the financial performance of our long-term-focused, net interest spread-based investment strategy and core business activities over periods of time as well as its earnings capacity.
A limitation of utilizing this non-GAAP financial measure is that the effect of accounting for all events or transactions in accordance with GAAP does, in fact, reflect the financial results of our business and these effects should not be ignored when evaluating and analyzing our financial results. In addition, our calculation of earnings available for distribution may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies. Therefore, we believe that earnings available for distribution should be considered as a supplement to, and in conjunction with, net income and comprehensive income determined in accordance with GAAP. Furthermore, there may be differences between earnings available for distribution and taxable income determined in accordance with the Internal Revenue Code. As a REIT, we are required to distribute at least 90% of our REIT taxable income (subject to certain adjustments) to qualify as a REIT and all of our taxable income in order to not be subject to any U.S. federal or state corporate income taxes. Accordingly, earnings available for distribution may not equal our distribution requirements as a REIT.
(a) The Company's financial statement closing and review procedures for the quarter ended March 31, 2023 are not yet complete and, as a result, the financial information set forth above reflects the Company's preliminary estimate with respect to such information, based on information currently available to management, and may vary from the Company's actual financial results.
SOURCE Arlington Asset Investment Corp.